Red, inflamed, and painful. Did you know that acne affects at least 80% of Americans during some point of their lives?
Although it is a completely normal process that one should never be ashamed of, acne is often a source of negativity and self-deprecation. Therefore, here at MiiRo Beauty, we want to provide you with a comprehensive guide to acne so you can learn what works best for your skin, and hopefully discover some tips on how to overcome your acne concerns.
Different Types Of Acne
Acne, as defined by Medical News Today, is an inflammatory condition that causes spots and pimples particularly on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms. Acne typically occurs when oil and dead skin cells block hair follicles and pores.
There are four main types of acne:
- Comedonal acne: Comedonal acne, generally speaking, is the least severe of the three acne types. Revolving around whiteheads and blackheads, or closed microcomedones and open micromedones respectively, this acne is best controlled with chemical exfoliation and thorough cleansing.
- Acne papules and pustules: Although more severe than comedonal acne, papules and pustules are still second to cysts and nodules. Generally speaking, papules are red and raised in nature. Pustules also contain pus and may form a white bubble. To treat this type of acne you can use basic BHA or AHA treatments.
- Cystic acne: Unlike the aforementioned types of acne, cystic acne lies deep within the skin, often making the skin tender to the touch. This pus-filled acne may be caused by a number of factors including diet, hormonal changes, and pore-clogging. It often occurs when acne-causing bacteria bursts from one cyst and spreads throughout the skin, causing widespread inflammation. As cystic acne is one of the more intense types of acne, it may require a dermatologist’s professional opinion and help.
- Nodular acne: Frequently confused with cystic acne, nodular acne is different in that acne nodules do not have a distinct head and therefore cannot be popped. They typically lie deep within the skin and are frequently treated with antibiotics and prescribed acne medication.
Skincare Tips For Acne
Although the different acne-types all have their specific acne treatments as stated above, here is a basic skin care routine for oily acne prone skin along with some acne tips to try.
- Cleanser: Choosing a cleanser that is compatible with your skin is the first step. If you are unsure of the types of cleansers or ingredients that put pressure on your skin and/or cause breakouts, I recommend choosing a cleanser with the most basic of ingredients. If necessary, only then do I recommend moving on to more complexly formulated products.
- Toner: Contrary to what many believe, toner should not be used as another cleansing step. In other words, toner should only be used to rebalance the skin’s natural pH level of 5.0-6.0 after cleansing. That being said, some toners have acne-treating ingredients like tea tree oil, making them more beneficial for acne-prone skin.
- Chemical exfoliant: Removing the dead skin often resulting in clogged pores, chemical exfoliants reveal new layers of skin. As such, your acne-treating products easily seep into the skin, allowing them to more efficiency do their job.
- Acne treatment: Of the many acne-treating ingredients, salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide are the most popular. The former helps remove dead skin cells and the latter helps kill bacteria. Depending on your skin’s chemical tolerance, you can apply acne treatment before or after moisturizer. However, keep in mind, acne treating products are typically more potent before moisturizer.
- SPF: With all these drying agents, it is imperative to slather a thick layer of SPF on a daily basis. UV rays irritate the skin barrier and paired with these products, the long-term damage may be significant.
Wish Formula’s Acne Solution
As clogged pores are the root cause of acne, proper but moderate exfoliation is important to remove potential congestion. To do so, a great Korean skincare for acne product is Wish Formula’s Day Day 365 All-in-One Boosting Pad Mask.
Made with gentle AHAs, including glycolic and lactic acid, this Korean skin care for acne product targets several skin concerns like hyperpigmentation, wrinkles, and texture issues in addition to clogged pores. Moreover, with niacinamide and rosa centifolia flower extract, it is perfect for even the most sensitive of skin types.
After cleansing and toning, gently swipe up against the skin and tap the extra product in. Additionally, make sure to follow up with a good moisturizer and SPF if used in the morning. One of my best acne tips is to is to apply the pad to other acne-prone areas including the chest and perhaps back.
Make sure to also check out Wish Formula’s Night Night 365 Sea Water Sleeping Pad Mask.
Acne can be physically and emotionally draining. Often resulting in issues with ones self-confidence and self-image. Acne, especially during puberty is a sensitive topic for many. Thus, I want to emphasize the fact that your acne does not define who you are. Although it’s easier said than done, I hope that you can be confident in your skin no matter your skin condition.
Additionally, being that the treatment journey is long, confusing, and exhausting, I hope that you never settle for less. I firmly believe that after trial and error and a conscious effort, one day everything will click and be the key to your healthy skin.